Artists: Merilyn Fairskye, Michiel Dolk
Date Installed
Installed 1982
Cathedral Street, Woolloomooloo (between Bourke Street and Forbes Street
Project: Woolloomooloo Murals
Tag: Wall work

Woolloomooloo NSW 2011, Australia

Artwork Description

We tried to remain true to the history and consulted a lot with residents. Once the community felt we had the right narrative they left us to work out the compositions.

– Michiel Dolk and Merilyn Fairskye

Victoria Street is one of eight murals painted on the railway pylons at Woolloomooloo, celebrating the history and people of this suburb. It tells the story of residents’ fight to save Victoria St from developers. Ultimately, a battle they did not win.

The upper part of this artwork is dominated by the figures of developer Frank Theeman and crime boss Abe Saffron – men who would stop at nothing to get their way.

In one week in April 1973, Theeman evicted 393 people from properties in Victoria St, where some had lived for more than 40 years. Those who remained to resist Theeman’s plans faced harassment and forcible eviction, by thugs armed with crowbars and hammers. Despite Theeman’s brutal tactics, they did not give in lightly.

The rest of the mural is dedicated to the men and women who refused to be scared from their homes, and those who led the fierce but doomed fight for Victoria St. The artwork celebrates the courage and resolve of local legends like Mark Fowler. He was the last man to be forced out by Theeman.

It also shows Juanita Nielsen, who paid for her defiance with her life. Juanita disappeared in 1975, and was alleged to have been abducted and murdered by one of Saffron’s men.

A close look at the mural reveals fascinating details of the residents’ resistance – from the vital support of the NSW Builders Labourers’ Federation, to the last-ditch protest of resident squatters, who spent 17 hours perched on the chimneys of 115 Victoria St before they were arrested and taken away.

Although Victoria St was lost, the story of its residents’ brave battle lives on – in proud local memory, and in this commemorative artwork.


The Woolloomooloo murals were designed and painted by local artists Michiel Dolk and Merilyn Fairskye. Wanting to preserve and celebrate the suburb’s unique history, the artists approached the Woolloomooloo Resident Action Group with the idea in 1979.

Before putting paint to panel, Fairskye and Dolk spent a full year piecing together the real story of Woolloomooloo from archives, and the memories and photos of the families who lived it.

Hundreds of donors and community groups raised funds for the materials, but the artists worked for free. The murals took three years to create.

Woolloomooloo Murals

Woolloomooloo was traditionally a suburb for waterside workers and their families. In the 1970s, the area was under threat from developers, who wanted to construct high-rise developments.

Residents refused to leave and, with the support of their unions, managed to save many homes.

The Woolloomooloo Mural Project was conceived by activist artists Merilyn Fairskye and Michiel Dolk in 1982 to celebrate the suburb’s people and history.

There were a total of 16 murals commissioned by the Woolloomooloo Residents Action Group.

The murals were originally intended to last 10 years and have now been on display for over 25 years.

With extensive consultations, eight of the sixteen murals were identified as being of high historical significance and aim to become an active link to people’s memories of the area.

Get arts and culture updates from City of Sydney News.

Sign up